Skip to main content
When measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide began at Mauna Loa Observatory in 1958, monthly averages (light purple line) were below 320 parts per million (ppm). By summer of 2015, the 12-month running average was above 400 ppm.
Large map image for CARBON DIOXIDE

The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere during ice ages and warm periods over the past 800,000 years, based on Antarctic ice core data (Lüthi, D. et al, 2008). On this time scale, the increase to 2023’s 419.3 parts per million (dark purple dot) looks practically instantaneous.